- Title VII of the Civil Rights Act prohibits discrimination in employment based on race, color, religion, sex or national origin.
- The Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) regulates company pension benefit plans.
- Employee Benefits
- The Occupational Safety and Health Act regulates workplace safety and health conditions.
- The Family and Medical Leave Act requires an employer to allow up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave each year for certain family matters (like the birth of a child).
- Child Labor - The child labor provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) are designed to protect the educational opportunities of youths and to prohibit their employment in jobs and under conditions detrimental to their health and well-being.
- The Age Discrimination in Employment Act prohibits employment discrimination based on age (this applies to employees who are forty years old or older, whose employers have twenty or more employees).
- The Americans with Disabilities Act prohibits discrimination against persons with physical and mental disabilities (this applies to employers with fifteen or more employees, and protects those who meet the "requisite skill, experience, education and other job related requirements" subject to "reasonable accommodations" being made for the disability).
- The Fair Labor Standards Act establishes minimum wage and overtime standards, as well as child labor rules (this applies to employers with two or more employees engaged in interstate commerce).
- The Equal Pay Act requires employers to pay employees who perform substantially equivalent work the same wage regardless of the whether the employee is male or female (although pay differences based on seniority, merit or piece rate are permissible).
- The Pregnancy Discrimination Act prohibits discrimination on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth, and related medical conditions.
- The Immigration Reform and Control Act prohibits the employment of aliens (non-U.S. citizens without proper documentation of the legal right to work in the U.S.).
- Wage Garnishment
- Overtime Pay
- Sexual Harrassment - Employment Legal Issues
- Tax withholding and reporting
Links to the state employment and labor laws for each state.
Links for the United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC):
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR WORKPLACE POSTER REQUIREMENTS FOR SMALL BUSINESSES AND OTHER EMPLOYERS
You can download free posters here that may be required to be posted in your business. http://www.dol.gov/osbp/sbrefa/poster/main.htm